Who Works When? The Case of South Korea

Yoo Jean Song, Yun Suk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Although Korea's long working hours are well-known, the work schedules of individuals with different socioeconomic characteristics have not been studied. This paper examines the timing of paid work and socioeconomic characteristics associated with work schedules in Korea. Using data from the Korean Time Use Survey (KTUS) 2014 and based on the analysis of employed people aged from 19 to 64, we found that a higher proportion of men work every hour of the day as compared to women. Women tend to start work late in the day, but a similar proportion of women and men work in the afternoon and evening. About 5 % work during non-standard hours, such as in the evening, at night, and in the early morning, and this percentage increases on the weekends. As in previous literature, divorced men and women or single women tend to work more during non-standard hours during weekdays and weekends. Both occupation and employment status are related to working non-standard hours, showing that women in service sectors and working as an unpaid employee at the family business, and men working in manual labor are more likely than people in other occupations to work during non-standard hours or weekends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-89
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Time Use Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 31 Dec 2021


  • Korean Time Use Survey
  • non-standard work hours
  • socioeconomic characteristics
  • work schedules


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